It was on the 9th of September the Swedish people went to vote for the parliamentary election (me included). And this year we will have to wait longer than average until the government is formed. For Sweden, it usually takes 6 days, but we have started to see a growing trend in the EU that deciding governments take longer time. This is usually caused by three things:
Today there are 8 voted parties in the Swedish parliament. The growing inclination of new parties, many of them with populist motives, have secured votes in this years election. Currently, the Swedish Democrats have 17,5% votes, more than a 4% increase from the last vote. However, the problem remains that when there are more parties sharing the power it becomes more complicated to form a government.
Another reason for the difficulty, at least in Sweden, is the fact that the larger parties are shrinking. The Social Democrats had their worst election this year and the Moderate party also decreased in size – even though they are losers, they still hold the largest majority of votes.
Finally, there are a lot more political conflicts involved in this election, such as healthcare and immigration. This adds another dimension to the issue, and political ideology will not be the only determining factor on who is willing to co-operate with who.
For a government to be constructed, the parliament has to be collected and a vote for the parliamentary president has to be conducted. Once that’s over with, the parliamentary president can nominate a new prime minister, who shall then receive a majority acceptance and form a government. On the other hand, in Sweden, a new government does not need to have majority support. Instead, what is needed is for the majority to not vote against the proposition of a new prime minister. This is something that puts less pressure on constructing a government, but of course, allows for weaker governments. The vote for the parliamentary president will occur on the 24th of September.
And now, at the time of publishing, the votes have been finalized: The red-block received 144 mandate, the Swedish Democrats 62, and the blue-block 143. In other words, a very close parliamentary vote with SD being the deciding factor.
And the fight for the prime minister post is ongoing. There are numerous theories on what the outcome will be, and I will continue to follow the situation.